José Manuel Barroso was President of the European Commission from 2004-14 and after being Prime Minister of Portugal from 2002-04.
After receiving his degree, Barroso embarked on an academic career, working successively as a teaching assistant on the Law Faculty of the University of Lisbon in the Department of Political Science of the University of Geneva, and as a visiting professor at the Department of Government and School of Foreign Service in Georgetown University (Washington, D.C.). In 1995, he became head of the international relations department of Lusíada University, Lisbon.
In 1999 he was elected President of the PSD Party in Portugal and was re-elected three times. During the same period, he served as Vice President of the European People’s Party. As Portuguese State Secretary for Foreign Affairs and Cooperation he played a key role as a mediator of the peace accords for Angola in Bicesse (Estoril, Portugal) in 1991.
As Minister for Foreign Affairs, he launched the talks with the Indonesian Minister of Foreign Affairs, under the auspices of the Secretary General of the United Nations, that ultimately led to the independence of East Timor. Under his leadership, the PSD won the general election in 2002 and he was appointed Prime Minister of Portugal in April of that year. He remained in office until July 2004 when he was nominated by the European Council and elected by the European Parliament to the post of President of the European Commission.
Barroso became President of the UEFA-Foundation for Poor Children in March 2015. In July 2016 he was appointed Chairman of Goldman Sachs International.